afterwards: ✓ afterwards ✗ after

By | December 31, 2016
afterwards
after
All marriages are happy. It’s trying to live together afterwards that causes all the problems.
Tutti i matrimoni sono felici. E’ il tentare di vivere insieme dopo che causa tutti i problemi.
- Shelley Winters
✓ I’ll answer any questions afterwards.
✗ I’ll answer any questions *after*.
Rispondo a eventuali domande dopo.
✓ I’ll answer any questions after my talk.
Rispondo a eventuali domande dopo la mia presentazione.
After can be used as a preposition (before a noun or a gerund):
✓ We waited outside to get some autographs after the show.
Abbiamo aspettato fuori per avere degli autografi dopo lo spettacolo.
After breakfast I took Judy to the station.
Dopo colazione ho accompagnato Judy alla stazione.
After moving from London to New York, it took me a few months to adjust.
Dopo essermi trasferito da Londra a New York, mi ci è voluto qualche mese per adattarmi.
After can also be used as a conjunction (= dopo che):
✓ You can go out after you’ve done your homework.
✗ You can go out after *that* you’ve done your homework.
Puoi uscire dopo che hai fatto i compiti.
After cannot be used as an adverb. The equivalent of dopo as an adverb is afterwards:
✓ It isn’t the golf he loves. It’s the socialising in the bar afterwards.
✗ It isn’t the golf he loves. It’s the socialising in the bar *after*.
Non è il golf che lui adora. E’ il socializzarsi al bar dopo.

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